美股交易规则是什么?

15th January, 2022
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身边讨论和交易美股的人越来越多,但是还有很多在问:“到底怎么买美股?”下面,就为大家简单介绍一下美股交易规则之类的简单的问题,希望可以为初学者提供一些买卖美股的基础知识,以便为其打开美股交易之门。

 

美国三大证券交易所

美国著名的三大证券交易所分别是:纽约证劵交易所NYSE、纳斯达克NASDAQ、美国证劵交易所AMEX。我们我们熟悉的苹果,谷歌,Facebook,亚马逊,可口可乐,阿里巴巴,京东,网易,百度,高盛等优秀公司都是在以上证券交易所上市的。

美国股市三大指数

我们经常会用到的美国股市三大指数是纳斯达克综合指数、标准普尔500指数以及道琼斯工业指数。

美股交易时间(周一至周五)

美国(东部)时间:09:30am – 04:00pm

新加坡时间(与北京时间相同):

美冬令时(11月-次年4月):10.30pm – 05:00am

美夏令时(4月-11月):09:30pm – 04:00am

最小美股交易单位(1股)

很多人看到Facebook, Google ,Apple等股票价格很高,都会担心自己能不能买够一手,其实不用担心,因为美股与港股、A股有所不同,一手即1股,所以投资者可以小额购买其上市公司股票。

交易代码

美股的交易代码多为上市公司的名称缩写,例如:谷歌(Google)交易代码为GOOG,阿里巴巴交易代码为BABA。不像港股和A股,代码都由数字组成

涨跌

在A股交易中,会有“涨停”,“跌停”一说,但是在美股交易中,就没有跌涨幅度的限制,但是美股实现的是熔断机制(Circuit Breaker),又名自动停盘机制。也就是说当估值波动到达一定的熔断点时候,则会暂停交易。 目前,美国指数熔断机制的基准指数为标普500,单项跌幅阈值为7%、13%、20%。当指数较前一天收盘点位下跌7%、13%时,全美证券市场交易将暂停15分钟,当指数较前一天收盘点位下跌20%时,当天交易停止。从2010年开始,美股又实行起个股熔断机制。

结算/T+2交割

美股施行T+2交割制度,(从2017年9月5日开始)即交易发生后第二个工作日才能完成清算交割。以上T指的是买入日期,直白的说,你卖一只美股所得的资金,需要等2个工作日才可以使用。

日内交易/T+0

日内交易的意思是说你买的美股,当天就可以卖出。

开户手续

在买卖美股之前,你一定要做的就是开设一个可以交易美股的股票账户,在新加坡,可以选择辉立证券开设美股账户,在线免费开户,无最低押金。在你用英文填好信息,新加坡人或PR提供NRIC,外国人提供护照和地址证明,签字确认,在提交后1周左右即可入金交易美股了。

 

 

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