Forex Trading Myths Debunked May 2, 2023

Forex Trading Myths Debunked

Forex trading has built a reputation for being many things. Some believe that forex trading will help them reap a fortune in a short period of time, while others think it’s unnecessarily risky as compared to the other investment instruments. Which of these two is based on fact? Here are the most common misconceptions surrounding forex trading today.


“Forex trading is dangerous”

The most common misunderstanding about forex trading is that it is unnecessarily risky, whereas trading of shares or indices is “safer”. We would like to address misconceptions about high volatility and large losses. In explaining volatility, we use the 100-day Average True Range (ATR) of a trading instrument. A single day’s true range is defined as the largest difference between:

  1. the current maximum and minimum prices (high and low);
  2. the previous closing and current maximum prices (in cases where price gapped up);
  3. the previous closing and current minimum prices (in cases where price gapped down).

Forex Trading Myths Debunked

As observed, the percentage change in prices based on 100-day ATR appears to be lower for forex pairs as compared to popular indices and shares. This is then translated into potential trading losses in a day based on the same contractual value traded of US$100,000 value, across the various trading instruments. The potential day loss for forex pairs are mostly lower with the lower volatility observed. These findings are echoed by other popular financial bloggers using other volatility measures.

So, how did the perception of forex trading as “dangerous” come about? The advantage of high leverage offered for trading forex has commonly been misused by inexperienced traders who do not follow a disciplined approach to trading, resulting in amplified losses instead of achieving “capital efficiency”.


“High leverage instrument = risky”

All investments involve some type of risk(s), forex trading is no different. Forex trading might have been given the bad reputation as a particularly volatile and risky business because of the possible involvement of leveraged trading. This is not true. Leverage is not part of the function for risk, but rather for money management. Yes, forex trading offers one of the highest possible leverage. This was supposed to be an advantage to traders as it means less capital is required for placement as collateral (known as margin) with their brokers, allowing excess capital to be maximised with other forms of investment.

How much leverage should an investor use? The way to restrict the utilised leverage level is by trading smaller lot sizes or amounts, until you are sufficiently comfortable with the trade positions’ size of profit and loss. The size of each trade position should be aligned with the trading plan outlined that considers the maximum drawdown on the capital amount you are willing to take for each position.


“Forex markets are unregulated”

Although you might think that the forex market is unregulated, regulations do actually exist to protect retail forex traders. These rules help keep online forex brokers honest and protect unsuspecting traders from the risk of dealing with an unregulated broker. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) is responsible for regulating and supervising all forex brokers in Singapore. The MAS has made it compulsory for forex brokers to obtain a valid MAS license to be able to operate in Singapore. MAS regulated brokers adhere to regulatory safeguards such as disclosure requirements on investment products that are offered to consumers. Regulated platforms are also subjected to conduct rules, to ensure that they deal fairly with their customers. Such safeguards protect investors’ monies and assets when they are dealing with financial institutions.


“The forex market is manipulated”

Forex is the world’s largest, most liquid and active financial marketplace. The average daily forex transaction is now estimated at around US$7.5 trillion, according to the Triennial Central Bank Survey of FX and OTC derivatives markets (2022). When we narrow down to the FX “spot” market specifically, which is the part of the currency market that is relevant to most forex traders, it is at US$2.1 trillion per day. Comparatively, the average global trading volume of the stock market is only at US$245 billion per day. Liquidity could indicate a variety of notions, including having more buyers and sellers participating in the market, better price discovery, fewer situations of price gaps, and the ability for the trading instrument to be bought and sold without causing a significant change in its exchange rate. Liquidity therefore makes manipulation of prices more difficult. In addition, forex is a global marketplace primarily influenced by macro-economic news, as compared to stocks that have to take company-specific news into consideration, where the latter could be privy information to certain investors only.

Forex Trading Myths Debunked


“Trading Forex incurs the highest transactional cost”

When comparing transactional cost, it is essential to understand the various fees that could be imposed based on the instrument traded. These include commissions, bid-ask spread, financing charges, platform fees and market data fees. Brokers usually do not pose forex traders further costs and compare themselves on simply the bid-ask spread to be competitive. The bid-ask spread represents transactional cost(s) as it is a turnaround cost to an investor who wishes to enter a buy at the Ask price (where a seller is willing to sell), and exit via a sell at the Bid price (where a buyer is willing to buy), even without any changes to the asset price. Comparing the bid-ask spread as a representation of transactional cost solely, we illustrate this with typical spreads with PhillipCapital’s POEMS platform.

Forex Trading Myths Debunked

Not surprisingly, trading forex incurs one of the least transactional costs due to its extremely competitive bid-ask spread, across various trading instruments. While there could be further costs involved in other instruments, PhillipCapital offers forex trading at zero commission with no financing charges, no platform fees, and no added market data fees. PhillipCapital offers a wide range of forex (FX) CFDs to trade from, allowing traders to diversify their portfolio with the forex market. You can find the list of FX CFD currency pairs available here.

To sum up, the size and depth of the forex market makes it the ideal trading market; massive liquidity makes it easy for traders to sell and buy currencies. This might be the reason why traders from different asset classes are turning to the forex market. With higher leverage offered, it is important for investors to follow a disciplined approach to money management.


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Forex Trading Myths Debunked

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Forex Trading Myths Debunked

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These commentaries are intended for general circulation. It does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and particular needs of any person who may receive this document. Accordingly, no warranty whatsoever is given and no liability whatsoever is accepted for any loss arising whether directly or indirectly as a result of any person acting based on this information. Opinions expressed in these commentaries are subject to change without notice. Investments are subject to investment risks including the possible loss of the principal amount invested. The value of the units and the income from them may fall as well as rise. Past performance figures as well as any projection or forecast used in these commentaries are not necessarily indicative of future or likely performance. Phillip Securities Pte Ltd (PSPL), its directors, connected persons or employees may from time to time have an interest in the financial instruments mentioned in these commentaries. Investors may wish to seek advice from a financial adviser before investing. In the event that investors choose not to seek advice from a financial adviser, they should consider whether the investment is suitable for them.

The information contained in these commentaries has been obtained from public sources which PSPL has no reason to believe are unreliable and any analysis, forecasts, projections, expectations and opinions (collectively the “Research”) contained in these commentaries are based on such information and are expressions of belief only. PSPL has not verified this information and no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made that such information or Research is accurate, complete or verified or should be relied upon as such. Any such information or Research contained in these commentaries are subject to change, and PSPL shall not have any responsibility to maintain the information or Research made available or to supply any corrections, updates or releases in connection therewith. In no event will PSPL be liable for any special, indirect, incidental or consequential damages which may be incurred from the use of the information or Research made available, even if it has been advised of the possibility of such damages. The companies and their employees mentioned in these commentaries cannot be held liable for any errors, inaccuracies and/or omissions howsoever caused. Any opinion or advice herein is made on a general basis and is subject to change without notice. The information provided in these commentaries may contain optimistic statements regarding future events or future financial performance of countries, markets or companies. You must make your own financial assessment of the relevance, accuracy and adequacy of the information provided in these commentaries.

Views and any strategies described in these commentaries may not be suitable for all investors. Opinions expressed herein may differ from the opinions expressed by other units of PSPL or its connected persons and associates. Any reference to or discussion of investment products or commodities in these commentaries is purely for illustrative purposes only and must not be construed as a recommendation, an offer or solicitation for the subscription, purchase or sale of the investment products or commodities mentioned.

About the author

Kenneth Tan
Head of FX CFD

Kenneth Tan graduated from Nanyang Business School with a Master of Science in Financial Engineering. Having worked as a spot and NDF trader for a top bank in Japan and an option dealer with one of France's top five banking groups, Kenneth has devoted more than 15 years to developing the FX business and strongly believes that investing in FX instruments is essential to every investor. He enjoys learning about how automated strategies can enhance trading experience for clients.

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