Navigating through the Coronavirus Outbreak with CFDs February 12, 2020

“A stock market decline is as routine as a January blizzard in Colorado. If you’re prepared, it can’t hurt you. A decline is a great opportunity to pick up the bargains left behind by investors who are fleeing the storm in panic”
Peter Lynch

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared a global health emergency over the coronavirus. As at 10 Feb 2020, Covid-19 has killed more than 900 people in China and infected thousands worldwide.1 Covid-19 has sent shockwaves through the financial markets. Hong Kong and Singapore, whose economies are highly dependent on trade and global fund flows, are bound to see their economies impacted negatively.

Factsheets

No one can predict when this outbreak will end or the magnitude that financial markets will be impacted. What we can do, however, is focus on the things we can control.

For example:

1. Investigate the market’s past behaviour during similar outbreaks of infectious diseases to anticipate magnitude of impact.
2. Understand which sectors will be impacted during an infectious disease outbreak.
3. Hedge our portfolio against black swan events and uncertainties.

In this article, we will be looking back in time to analyse how financial market reacted to similar outbreaks of infectious diseases. Secondly, we will be investigating which sectors and asset classes will be impacted during an infectious disease outbreak. Last but not least, we will be looking at how Contracts for Differences (CFDs) can be used for hedging in times of such uncertainties.


Infectious Epidemics and Past Market Performance

“History doesn’t repeat itself, but it often rhymes”
~ Mark Twain

When attempting to analyse and investigate a particular event, it is ideal to look back into history to find out how markets reacted during that period in time. The good news is that historical data has shown that financial markets have been relatively resilient to past infectious epidemics. The MSCI World Index is a collection of 1655 counters from the world’s developed countries including Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore. From the MSCI World Index chart below, we can conclude that the global economy was relatively resilient to infectious epidemics. Approximately three months after the SARS epidemic, the MSCI returned to 16.36%.2

Factsheets

MCSI World Index2

In our opinion, the closest parallel to the Covid-19 was the SARS epidemic. According to data gathered from WHO and the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, the SARS epidemic resulted in 8100 infected and 774 deaths. The fatality rate of SARS amounted to 9.5%.3 The fatality rate of Covid-19 ranges around 2%4 (Subjected to change) as of early February 2020.

Given the similarities between SARS epidemic and Covid-19’s outbreak, we decided to evaluate the impact that the SARS epidemic had on open economies such as Hong Kong and Singapore. The first case of SARS in China was reported on Saturday 16 November 2002. Therefore, we used Monday 18 November 2002 as the start date to analyse how the markets reacted to the SARS epidemic.5 Similar to the MSCI World Index, an initial 3-month decline was followed by a strong uptrend a year later.

Start Date
(18/11/2002)
3 Months Return 6 Months Return 9 Months Return 12 Months Return
Straits Times Index -9.53% 6.64% 15.13% 24.82%
Hang Seng Index -7.24% -8.00% 5.09% 23.02%


Sectors Impacted

The Covid-19 Outbreak occurred near the time of Chinese New Year 2020, a rather untimely period where travelling and retail spending were generally at its peak. China’s GDP now amounts to 17% of the Global GDP as opposed to 4% in 2003. This infectious epidemic would put China GDP growth at 5.7%, and will be China’s lowest GDP growth in nearly three decades.6 During the SARS period in 2003, the service industry amounted to 42% of China’s GDP. As of 2019, the service industry amounted to 54% of China’s GDP. China’s GDP now amounts to 17% of the Global GDP as opposed to 4% in 2003.7

Factsheets

International Monetary Fund


In an event of an epidemic outbreak, industries such as tourism and its several economic and sub sectors such as transport, hospitality, and retail spending will feel the first brunt of impact. Below is a table of the counters and their respective industries that were affected.


Name Exchange Contract Code Industry CFD Margin Requirement Total Return
(060120-060220)
CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES CO-H HKSE 1055 Airlines 30% -20.77%
CHINA EASTERN AIRLINES CO-H HKSE 0670 Airlines 30% -20.18%
SATS LTD SGX SATS Airport Services 10% -12.21%
COMFORTDELGRO CORP LTD SGX CFD Transportation 10% -9.32%
FAR EAST HOSPITALITY TRUST SGX FEHT Hotel & Resort REITs 20% -8.67%
MALAYSIA AIRPORTS HLDGS BHD KLSE MAH Airport Services 20% -8.20%
HAIDILAO INTERNATIONAL HOLDI HKSE 6862 Consumer Services 30% -8.00%
SASSEUR REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT SGX SASUR Retail REITs 20% -7.87%
MTR CORP HKSE 0066 Transportation 20% -7.54%
EAGLE HOSPITALITY TRUST SGX EGHT Hotel & Resort REITs 20% -7.27%
SIA SGX SIAA Airlines 10% -4.77%
CHINA AIRCRAFT LEASING GROUP HKSE 1848 Capital Goods 40% -3.95%
LENDLEASE GLOBAL COMMERCIAL SGX LREIT Retail REITs 10% -4.77%
STARHILL GLOBAL REIT SGX CTM Retail REITs 20% -0.51%
SPH REIT SGX SPHS Retail REITs 10% 0.00%
CAPITALAND MALL TRUST SGX CTM Retail REITs 15% 3.30%
CAPITALAND RETAIL CHINA TRUS SGX CRCT Retail REITs 20% -4.403%
BHG RETAIL REIT SGX BHGR Retail REITs 20% -5.109%
YTL HOSPITALITY REIT KLSE SRET Hotel & Resort REITs 30% -5.109%
TRIP.COM NASDAQ TCOM Travel Services 20% 0.09%
BOOKING.COM NASDAQ BKNG Travel Services 15% -5.28%

Data retrieved from Bloomberg, Total Returns over 1 month

During uncertainties, Gold and other precious metals are often favoured. However, not all industries will feel the brunt of the bear market. According to the table below, healthcare supplies and glove manufacturing counters have seen their counters appreciate.

Name Exchange Contract Code Industry CFD Margin Requirement total Return (060120-060220)
UG HEALTHCARE CORP LTD SGX UGHC Health Care Supplies 50% 64.234%
QT VASCULAR LTD SGX QTVC Health Care Supplies 70% 33.333%
MEDTECS INTERNATIONAL CORP SGX MIC Health Care Supplies 100% 152.5%
SUPERMAX CORP BHD KLSE SUM Health Care Supplies 30% 25.55%
TOP GLOVE CORP KLSE TOG Health Care Supplies 30% 20.99%
RIVERSTONE HOLDINGS SGX RVS Health Care Supplies 20% 6.11%
HARTALEGA HOLDINGS KLSE HTH Health Care Supplies 20% 6.11%
RAFFLES MEDICAL SGX RAFSP Health Care Supplies 20% 0.98%
COMFORT GLOVE KLSE IRC Commodity Chemicals 20% 12.26%
HARTALEGA HOLDINGS KLSE HTH Health Care Supplies 20% 6.11%

Data retrieved from Bloomberg, Total Returns over 1 month

If one believes that the information factored into certain counters affected is temporary and reflects something shorter than his holding period, it may be wise to long and value cost average into these respective counters with strong balance sheets and free cash flow stability.

However, if one believes the uptrend in certain counters was due to a knee-jerk reaction or that the down trend is going to continue, it may be ideal to short these counters. CFDs are popular tools used for short selling as they have no contract expiry date and can bypass the need of share borrowing. Check out our guide on CFD short selling here!


Hedge Your Portfolio against Rising Uncertainty

“The Markets generally are unpredictable, so that one has to have different scenarios. The idea that you can actually predict what’s going to happen contradicts my way of looking at the Market”
~ George Soros

Contrary to popular opinion, CFDs are not restricted to technical traders. Long term investors can utilise CFDs to hedge their positions against unforeseen events and uncertainties.

One can use CFDs as a hedge in these 2 possible scenarios:

1) When the price of your existing positions has already moved/is moving against you.

2) When you anticipate future gains in your existing positions to be marginal due to increasingly negative market sentiment.

A practical application of CFD Indices for most buy and hold investors is hedging. This is an alternative to using a CFD to short sell each individual counter which they are currently holding. The benefits of hedging using CFD Indices is that CFD indices generally have minimal commission fees and low margin requirements.


CFD Trading Example

Factsheets

George is a long-term investor with a $100,000 portfolio of stocks. Most of the stocks are components of Index X. Index X is trading at $3300, has a margin requirement of 5%, and has an exposure of $1 per point. Therefore, George will be required to deposit $4950 (5/100*3300*30) for 30 contacts with a $99,000 short exposure.

A decline in the value of George’s equity portfolio would have been potentially offset by the gains in his short index position. This scenario is ideal for people seeking capital preservation for their nest egg as opposed to speculation.


Summary

“Mr Market’s job is to provide you with prices. Your job is to decide whether it is to your advantage to act on them. You do not have to trade with him just because he constantly begs you.”
~ Benjamin Graham

Truth be told, no one has a crystal ball that can predict when an infectious epidemic will come, or when it will end. In my opinion, the best way to deal with such events is to learn from history and focus on what you can control. You can control your emotions and the price you pay. I sincerely hope that you have found value in this article. For more information on CFD trading, be sure to visit our website. Till next time, folks!

References:

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About the author

Jay Lin
Dealer

Jay graduated from the National University of Singapore with a Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering, specialising in Power Engineering. He is also an aspiring CFA Charter Holder.

In his free time, he loves to analyse and experiment with factor based investing and smart beta portfolio’s using machine learning.

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