Letter of Intent

Letter of Intent

A Letter of Intent, or LOI letter, is a document used in business to formalize an intent to carry out a project or transaction. 

It is usually used in cases wherein one company is ready to enter into a particular transaction. Still, before it moves on with the deal, it would like to have a more detailed discussion with the other party. So it uses an LOI as a formal agreement to get those discussions going.  

An LOI is an important document that can significantly impact your career. It is a statement of your goals and objectives and can be used to secure funding or employment. A letter of Intent can also express your interest in a particular company or organization. 

What Is an LOI?

An LOI is a non-binding, non-legally binding agreement between two or more parties. It is a letter that states the essential terms of an agreement between two or more parties.  

An LOI can help outline the major points of an agreement, including the cost and the number of products to be made. The parties will sign the final deal if they agree to the terms. 

As a part of this agreement, one of the parties is often required to provide other essential details, such as the amount of money that is expected to change hands in the negotiation.

Letter of Intent

Understanding an LOI

To be effective, an LOI must be clear and concise. It should identify the parties involved, the agreement’s purpose, and the proposed contract’s critical terms. The letter should also state that the parties intend to enter into a binding agreement.  

If you are considering entering into a contract with another party, it is essential to understand how LOIs work. This document can be a useful tool in outlining the terms of your agreement, but it is critical to remember that it is not legally binding. 

For example, if you are interested in purchasing a company, you would send an LOI  to the seller. This document would outline your primary offer, such as the price you are willing to pay. The seller can then choose to accept your offer, get into negotiations, or flatly reject it. 

Uses of an LOI

A letter of intent is typically used in business deals, such as when two companies negotiate a merger. The details of the agreement and the parties’ expectations are laid out in the letter of intent. It may also be applied in other circumstances, as when applying for a grant or a job. 

Other Names for LOI

An LOI is also commonly known as a Statement of Intent, a Letter of Understanding, or a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). Despite the fact that the names are frequently used interchangeably, they have slight variations. 

A Statement of Intent is the most basic and general of the three terms. It simply states that the parties involved intend to do something, but no specifics are given. An LOI is more specific and outlines the terms of the agreement between the parties. An MOU is the most precise and binding of the three and outlines all the details of the agreement between the parties.  

While the three terms are often used interchangeably, it is crucial to be aware of their subtle differences. 

Types of LOI

There are generally two types of LOI: one binding and one non-binding.  

  • Binding LOI 

A binding LOI means that both parties have agreed to all the terms and conditions outlined in the letter and are legally bound to follow through with those commitments.  

  • Non-Binding LOI 

On the other hand, a non-binding LOI is simply a statement of interest and does not create any legal obligations for either party. 

Frequently Asked Questions

A cover letter is a professional document typically sent along with a resume or job application to introduce the applicant and briefly state their qualifications and intentions. In contrast, the purpose of a cover letter is to express an individual’s interest in pursuing a specific opportunity, such as a job, internship, or educational program. While a cover letter may be sent in response to a particular job posting, an LOI is usually unsolicited. 

An LOI is a document that is typically used to indicate an intention to do business with another party. It is not a binding contract, but rather a way to start the negotiation process.  

Businesses use LOIs to outline their intention to enter into a contract or agreement with another party. This document is usually non-binding, meaning it does not create a legally enforceable agreement. However, it can be used as a tool to help businesses negotiate the terms of a contract. LOIs can be used in various business contexts, such as when two companies negotiate a merger or acquisition. 

When writing an LOI, a few key points should be included to make it effective.  

  • First, the letter should state the specific position or programme you are interested in.  
  • Secondly, you must include information about your qualifications and experience that make you a good fit for the position or programme. 
  • Finally, the letter should express your enthusiasm for the opportunity and explain why you are the best candidate for the position.  


No, but there is some debate as to whether or not an LOI is legally binding. While some argue that an LOI is a binding contract, others say it is not. 


Related Terms