Old Pillar of US Economy – Industrials

October 30, 2020

This article is part of the US Election series brought to you by POEMS. #USElection2020.

Summary outline:

  • Transportation infrastructure and construction are expected to thrive in a Biden victory.
  • Airlines to stay depressed regardless of election outcome, until a vaccine is available.
  • A Trump win is potentially positive for aerospace and defence sectors.

As Industrials covers a wide range of sub-sectors, this article focuses on the sub-sectors that would form the spotlight of discussions in the run-up to the US presidential election on 3 November 2020.

Factsheets


1. Transportation Infrastructure & Construction

Sub-sector
Trump
Biden
Transportation
infrastructure
Construction
+
++

What has been done during Trump’s administration

Trump’s most popular promise during his presidential campaign in 2016 was to increase infrastructure spending. He had proposed allowing more infrastructure funding from individual states and the private sector, with a relatively low federal budget. His plan made little progress as individual states were unable to cater to the sky-high costs due to rapidly ageing infrastructure.

In addition, Trump allowed a one-year infrastructure funding extension for FAST Act (2015) which was originally set to expire on 30 September 2020. The Act was signed into law by former president Obama to provide federal funding of up to US$305bn for surface transportation projects for five years. The one-year extension only provides temporary support for infrastructure spending as both the Senate and Congress still don’t see eye to eye on a long-term highway policy bill.

Meanwhile, the Highway Trust Fund – a traditional fund that taxes fuel consumption for infrastructure spending – is losing its effectiveness due to improving energy efficiency. New long-term infrastructure plans are urgently needed as infrastructure spending is known to combat economic recessions.


Infrastructure spending plan

Candidate
Biden
Trump
Plan details US$2tn Climate Plan Budget:

1. US$50bn in first year for roads, highways and bridges, expected to total US$300bn.

2. US$100bn for modernization and renovation of schools.

3. US$40bn for large-scale transformational projects such as water-conservancy projects.

4. US$20bn for rural broadband construction.

5. US$10bn for public transportation in poverty areas.

6. US$10bn for rejuvenation of troubled cities.

7. US$1bn for Smart City Project every year
Considering US$1tn budget:

Mainly for traditional infrastructure such as roads and bridges. Rest of the funds for building a 5G network and Internet services in rural areas.

Spending and funding plans remain vague.

Trump expressed this as a once-in-a-decade opportunity to implement a mega-spending bill given low interest rates.
Expected impact on infrastructure sector Biden’s US$2tn Climate Plan includes a substantial budget for infrastructure spending, which would outweigh the negative impact of tax increases.

According to the Tax Policy Centre, Biden’s proposal would increase federal tax revenue by US$2.4tr over next decade. We foresee new spending from increased tax revenue.

Spending also produces higher fiscal multipliers, potentially paving the way for higher long-term sector growth.
Trump’s push for his mega-infrastructure plan was interrupted by his impeachment and bipartisan disagreements.

Although corporate tax cuts will increase infrastructure companies’ after-tax income, they produce lower fiscal multiplier effects that limit long-term sector growth.


Companies to look out for:

Event Stock % of revenue contributed by US government
Biden’s victory Aecom (ACM) 53%
Jacobs Engineering (J) 27%
% of revenue from Construction
Caterpillar Inc (CAT) 44%


2. Airlines

Sub-sector
Trump
Biden
Airlines

As one of the hardest-hit industries by the pandemic, the sector has managed to survive only because of government aid. The US$25bn support from the CARES Act, however, is running out and continuous support plans are urgently needed. However, a recent HEROES 2.0 stimulus bill was rejected by the Republican Senate after it was passed by a Democratic House. Both parties were unable to agree on the scale and purpose of the stimulus.

Airlines’ bailout and support plan

Biden Trump
If Biden is elected and the Democrats gain a majority in Senate, the HEROES 2.0 stimulus bill may be passed by the Senate quickly. The US$25bn will provide financial aid and potentially stop the layoff of airline employees. In addition, US$3bn is for contractors that service passenger airlines.

Biden pledges to improve US airports by increasing investment through the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Airport Improvement programme.

Biden also pledges to finance the development of low-carbon aviation via US$400bn clean energy innovation investments.
Trump signed CARES Act in March 2020 to provide loan support and protection to airlines.

However, when CARES’ financial aid was running out, the Republican Senate failed to pass the HEROES Act. Instead, Trump pushed for a smaller “skinny” relief bill which provides direct payments and bailouts to struggling airline companies.


In a Biden victory, we can expect more airline infrastructure funding with more regulation.

Airline travel regulation

Biden Trump
  • Compulsory mask-wearing
  • Higher airport facility charges
  • Domestic 7.5% excise tax on airfares to provide ancillary revenue
  • Higher taxes for environmental goals
  • Airlines to disclose carbon emissions of each flight
  • Airlines to purchase carbon offsets for domestic airlines.
  • Positive impact from infrastructure spending and negative impact from increased regulation remain unquantifiable.
  • Trump has been opposing the idea of wearing masks in public commercial transport.
  • Expect deregulation to continue from his first term.

As the US has the most coronavirus cases and deaths on earth and COVID-19 continues with its rampage, we expect US airlines to remain depressed, until a vaccine is found.

Their fate is likely to hinge more on the development of a vaccine than the outcome of the US elections. This is because room for stimulus support is limited and airlines would need to regain their wings themselves for longer-term sustainability. As of now, their prospects are hard to determine given a lack of visibility in vaccine development.


3. Aerospace & Defence

Sub-sector
Trump
Biden
Aerospace & Defence
++

Trump’s blunders in foreign policies had put to vain the US’ arms control efforts with military superpowers such as North Korea, Iran and Russia. During his first term, he had taken the US out of three arms control agreements. The first was its nuclear deal with Iran in 2018. The second an Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces treaty with Russia. The most recent was the Open Skies Arms Control Treaty with Russia.

In the event he is re-elected, the global arms race is likely to continue.

Moreover, since Trump took office, there has been a sharp build-up of defence spending, after years of steep cuts under Obama. The chart below shows the Department of Defence’s yearly budgets in nominal dollar in billions, not adjusted for inflation. OCO/GWOT stands for Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism.

FactsheetsSource: Department of Defence


In addition, for nuclear weapon budgeting, the Trump administration requested for US$44.5bn for FY2021 to sustain and modernise the US nuclear delivery system. The chart below shows projected nuclear arsenal spending up to FY2025. The nuclear weapon portion of the total national defence spending is projected to rise throughout the late 2020s.

FactsheetsSource: Arms Control Association


On the other side of the fence, Biden is known to favour arms control. He has signalled he would reverse Trump’s military build-up. Not only is he willing to renew the New START agreement with Russia for another five years without preconditions, he has also promised to re-join the Iran nuclear deal.

Biden might also face pressure from the progressive wing of the Democratic Party to implement budget cuts at the Pentagon. Whether he can fulfil this remains uncertain due to external political exigencies and spending on military necessities.

Companies to look out for:

Event Stock % of revenue contributed by US military spending
Trump’s victory Lockheed Martin (LMT) 70%
Raytheon Technology (RTX) 67%

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) to look out for:

Name Ticker Top Holdings
Industrial Select Sector
SPDR Fund
XLI Lockheed Martin (LMT)
Boeing (BA)
Raytheon Technology (RTX)

Follow us on our US election series as we bring you through the detailed breakdown of the various sectors leading up to the US election on 3 November 2020.

References:
1. https://home.kpmg/xx/en/home/insights/2018/02/rebuilding-infrastructure-in-america.html
2. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/business/trump-team-prepares-us-1-trillion-infrastructure-plan-to-spur-economy-12842068
3. https://www.phillipcfd.com/us-election-technology/?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=poems-uselections&utm_campaign=articles-us-tech&_ga=2.214918231.1548955401.1602464460-1465797022.1579592166&_gac=1.188877273.1600327738.CjwKCAjwkoz7BRBPEiwAeKw3qzTSkn_Us0ZGUK8uahYDOwuF4zkRhHbB2KJR9QcOBkF9jecSWiOM1RoCIWgQAvD_BwE
4. https://www.ttnews.com/articles/fast-acts-yearlong-extension-signed-law
5. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/10/19/election-2020-stimulus-goldman-sachs-democratic-sweep.html
6. https://thepointsguy.com/news/biden-versus-trump/
7. https://www.airport-technology.com/features/us-2020-election-trump-biden-plans-aviation/
8. https://viewfromthewing.com/how-transportation-policy-will-change-in-a-biden-administration/
9. https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=eab01ea7-66a9-40c0-a2bd-96339e1faee5
10. https://www.reuters.com/article/health-coronavirus-trump-talks/trump-calls-for-skinny-coronavirus-relief-bill-spokeswoman-idUSW1N2E102C
11. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/oct/14/us-foreign-policy-trump-biden-election-world
12. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/aug/01/inf-treaty-us-russia-arms-control-to-end
13. https://www.armscontrol.org/issue-briefs/2020-03/surging-us-nuclear-weapons-budget-growing-danger
14. https://www.everycrsreport.com/reports/R44519.html

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About the author

Choo Li Rui Hansel
Equities Specialist

Mr Choo Li Rui Hansel joined Phillip Securities as Equities Specialist (Dealer) and handles over 13,000 trading accounts. As an Equities Specialist, he handles trade execution and equity-related operation. He also provides market insights, corporate action, securities & portfolio advisory services. In addition, Li Rui also regularly conducts webinars to educate public with trading & financial knowledge.

He acknowledges the importance of financial literacy in optimizing wealth growth, be it active trading or passive investing. Li Rui obtained Bachelor of Engineering Degree from Nanyang Technological University, majoring in Civil Engineering. Despite his academic background, Li Rui's interest lies in securities & derivatives market. His engineering academic background had equipped him with analytical skills which are the essential transferable skills in finance industry.

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