A Look Back On 5 Equity Markets amidst COVID-19

March 30, 2020

The year 2019 saw a global meltdown with financial markets and investors suffering a turmoil. Economies and investors had struggled to recover from a major S&P sell-off that began in October 2018 and fell a whopping 15% at the end of 2018. 2019 was also marred with the on-going trade war between the U.S. and China, causing uncertainties and volatility worldwide. However, uncertainties also bring about opportunities. One example is S&P 500 and NASDAQ, where both Composite Indexes ended 2019 with nearly 40% up and hitting all time high records individually. The Financial Market in Asia also had a fantastic run in 2019 with the Shenzhen Composite Index leading the global markets table with the highest return within that year.

As we celebrate a fantastic run in 2019, let us look back at how some of the major equities markets have been faring thus far amidst the COVID-19 situation.

Table of Global Stock Market Indices that are tradable with POEMS:

NAME Last Price in 2019 1 Yr Total return (%) P/E Dividend Yield (%) 5Yr Total Return (%)
NASDAQ COMPOSITE INDEX 8972.604 36.74 32.99 1.12 101.22
SHENZHEN SE COMPOSITE IX 1722.945 35.91 37.39 1.02 13.49
TAIWAN TAIEX INDEX 11997.14 31.50 17.90 4.02 66.17
S&P 500 INDEX 3230.78 31.48 19.64 2.03 73.80
S&P/TSX COMPOSITE INDEX 17063.43 28.95 16.83 3.12 21.29
Euro Stoxx 50 Pr 3745.15 26.84 17.73 3.65 31.69
DOW JONES INDUS. AVG 28538.44 25.34 18.25 2.51 80.84
S&P/ASX 200 INDEX 6684.075 24.65 19.46 4.39 42.00
SHANGHAI SE COMPOSITE 3050.124 23.76 13.86 2.31 -6.64
DAX INDEX 13249.01 22.95 20.61 3.32 24.60
NIKKEI 225 23656.62 22.41 18.65 2.16 63.80
FTSE 100 INDEX 7542.44 21.98 19.35 5.31 19.79
BIST 100 INDEX 114425 15.90 8.31 3.54 -37.73
HANG SENG INDEX 28189.75 13.64 10.79 3.79 42.43
STOCK EXCH OF THAI INDEX 1579.84 13.26 15.60 3.89 35.68
Straits Times Index STI 3222.83 10.88 11.07 4.23 13.15
PSEi – PHILIPPINE SE IDX 7815.26 10.00 14.84 1.83 3.57
HO CHI MINH STOCK INDEX 960.99 9.88 13.73 2.26 86.32
JAKARTA COMPOSITE INDEX 6299.539 8.71 16.52 2.86 19.38
KOSPI INDEX 2197.67 5.78 17.66 2.09 19.41
FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI 1588.76 -1.80 16.60 3.75 -9.50
Average 19.94 17.99 3.01 33.56

Period for Total return 1 year, P/E, Dividend is from 1 Jan 2019 to 31 Dec 2019 – quoted in USD

 

China: Shenzhen Stock Exchange Composite Index (2nd Position), Shanghai Composite Index (9th position) 

2019 was a roller coaster ride for the Chinese market as both major indexes in Shanghai and Shenzhen had taken a major dive of 24.6% and 33.25% respectively back in 2018. One major contributing factor was the ongoing trade war with the U.S. China, however, made a remarkable recovery from what was their worst performing year in a decade by the end of 2019. The Shenzhen Composite Index was crowned the best performer with a 1 year return of 32.61%, closing at 1722.945 points.

The Shanghai Composite Index had also concurrently recovered by the end of 2019, ranking at the 11th position as top performing markets with a positive 1 year return of 13.74%. Ongoing talks, negotiations and a phase one deal between the U.S. and China helped to refuel investors’ confidence in the two largest economies in the world. The Chinese government helped to stabilise the overall financial markets by lifting its budget deficit target to 2.8% and introducing tax cuts for both businesses and individuals at the same time. This move helped to neutralise the deleveraging campaign sought by the Chinese government in 2018.

However, at the start of 2020, China was suddenly plagued by the new strain of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), emerging from the city of Wuhan, Hubei Province. This epidemic has thus far affected numerous big industries such as retail, food production, manufacturing, tourism and supply chains. The airline industry especially suffered with a sharp decline in passenger traffic by an average of 4.3%5 as a result of cancelled flights and closure of airports. Thankfully, as evident by past epidemics – mainly the H1N1 and SARS episodes, a recovery can be seen on most of the affected industries. While investors look towards defensive sectors to weather through the unknown(s), we have listed the bigger market-cap leaders in China for investors who are still looking to gain exposure into the Chinese market.

Name Ticker Price (CNY) Mkt Cap (USD) P/E  Ratio Analyst
Recommendation
Consensus
Target Price (CNY)
Ping An Insurance Group 601318 77.92 213.13b 9.26 97.0% Buy
3.0%   Hold
104.66
Kweichow Moutai Co. 600519 1066.03 173.08b 33.39 90.9% Buy
4.5%   Hold
1254.36
Bank of China 601988 3.57 143.02b 4 57.7% Buy
30.8% Hold
4.04
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China 601398 5.32 265.97 b 6.26 80% Buy
17.1% Hold
6.80

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

Taiwan: TAIWAN TAIEX INDEX (3rd position)

Apart from China, Taiwan Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) whom had gone through periods of contraction was also greatly affected by the tariffs war between US-China. But as the trade war situation de-escalated, Taiwan’s economy went through a cyclical recovery in 2019, with its PMI crossing above 50 in December 2019.1

Amongst all, retail food industry revenue hit multiple record highs despite a decline in the wholesale industry. This has caused the real private consumption growth to remain at 1.99% in 2019 for the first 10 months in FY 2019. Foreign trades with exports on domestic and technology products grew in the 3rd quarter of 2019 whilst imports reduced. Nevertheless, both import and export of goods are projected to grow by 2.56% and 2.52%, respectively, in 2020.2

Taiwan’s average GDP growth has maintained at around 2.6% for FY2018 and an average of 2.41% over the past 5 years.3 It is the seventh largest in Asia and 22nd-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). 4 According to the forecast in FY2019, Taiwanese economic growth was expected to be 2.62%5 and this momentum of expansion is expected to continue in 2020, upwards of 2% as projected by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF). 6 Forecast done by Focus Economics panelists also projected GDP growth of 2.3% and 2.2% in 2020 and 2021 respectively. 7 Right after the presidential election in January 2020 – Tsai Ing-Wen retained her presidency and majority of her party remained in legislature – a continuation of current pro-growth economic policies will likely happen.

The total return for the Taiwan stock exchange weighted index (TWSE) in 2019 stands at 31.50%, making it the 3rd highest among others. Its has a 5-year annualised total return of 66.17%. Dividend return was promising as well at 4.02%, ranking 4th as compared to the indices average of 3.01%. Taiwan, being a developed market, is bound to encounter some major long-term challenges affected by diplomatic isolation and increasing competition from China and other Asia Pacific markets.

For investors who wish to gain exposure to the Taiwan market, below is a list of big-cap Taiwan stocks that are considered market leaders in their respective business segments.

Name Ticker Price (TWD) Mkt Cap (USD) PE Ratio Analyst
Recommendation
Consensus
Target Price (TWD)
Chunghwa Telecom 2412 108 27.6b 25.58 56.3% Hold
43.8% Sells
92.69
Hotai Motor 2207 627 11.3b 30.55 100% Buy 730
Uni-President 1216 73.20 13.7b 22.02 50% Buy
50% Hold
80.57
Taiwan High Speed Rail 2633 34.50 6.4b 24.20 50% Buy
50% Hold
42
TSMC 2330 316 270b 23.73 84.4% Buy
9.4%  Hold
371.54
Formosa Plastics 1301 91 19.1b 15.57 68.4% Buy
31.6% Hold
108.30

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

United States: NASDAQ, S&P 500 and Dow Jones (1st, 4th and 7th position)

2019 was a year for the technology sector in the U.S. market to soar as the Nasdaq Composite index tilted heavily towards technology related stocks. NASDAQ was among the top 3 best performing indexes with 27.23% return in 2019. In fact by looking at the 5-year returns of 107.33%, NASDAQ Composite Index was crowned the top performer on the list. The other 2 major U.S .indexes, S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Averages came in at 4th and 8th positions respectively with 22.73% and 16.86% returns in 2019.

Interest rates were however cut in 2019, announced by the US Federal Reserve through three consecutive meetings in August, September and October 2019. The year before, it was raised 4 times. The last consecutive rate cut was back in 1996 and 1998. The interest rate is now standing at 1.5%-1.75% and according to the statement released by FOMC, it is expected to stay constant through 2020.

Trade disputes and geopolitical tensions continued throughout 2019 but toned down as trade tension between the U.S. and China came to a phase one agreement nearing the end of 2019. The situation became a crisis after the Coronavirus Outbreak in Wuhan, China, potentially deemed as a black swan event to the world economy.

Inverted yield curve was one of the key events that impacted the market where volatility increased in 2019. According to Prof Campbell Harvey, the inventor of the inverted yield curve, inversion usually points to a downturn of about 6 to 18 months in the future and if the forecast is true, recession might happen in year 2020.

We currently see that most of the indicators and economics data are growing healthily and there is no sign of recession hitting as yet. Though the longest bull trend in history seems to be strongly intact still, risks mentioned above must not be overlooked. Investors who would like to ride towards the market trend can consider ETFs like QQQ.US, SPY.US & DIA.US which tracks the NASDAQ Composite, S&P 500 and Dow Jones indexes respectively. Investors may also look into companies producing hygienic products or medical related counters like JNJ.US and PG.US. To further avoid over exposure to market risk, investors may even look into precious metal ETFs like SGOL.US for gold and SIVR.US for silver to hedge away the risk.  These two ETF’s expense ratio were the lowest amongst all others precious metal ETFs.

Lastly, investors should avoid tourism related stocks at this moment.

A summary of the counters:

Name Ticker Price Mkt Cap (USD) Expense Ratio / PE Ratio Analyst
Recommendation
Consensus
Target Price
Invesco QQQ Trust QQQ 205.64 96.06b 0.2%
SPDR S&P 500 ETF SPY 296.26 319.52b 0.095%
SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF DIA 254.56 23.05b 0.17%
Johnson & Johnson JNJ 134.48 400b 24.27 63.6% Buy
31.8% Hold
160.35
Procter & Gamble PG 113.23 306.6b 25.46 46.2% Buy
42.3% Hold
128.7
Aberdeen Standard Physical Swiss Gold ETF0.3% SGOL 15.18 1.36b 0.17%
Aberdeen Standard Physical Silver ETF SIVR 16.07 402.47m 0.3%

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

Australia: ASX 200 Index (8th position)

Standing at the 8th position, ASX 200 index had achieved a total return of 24.65% in the previous year, accompanied by a 4.39% dividend. These numbers made ASX 200 the 2nd best dividend just behind FTSE 100 Index. Australian REIT shares form a large portion of dividend and below are the 3 REIT companies that top the list for its highest dividend yield. Among the top 10 dividend yield that has been declared, 7 are from REIT companies – each contributing gross dividend yields of at least 5%.

In terms of valuation, three are currently trading below the ASX200 Index’s P/E and price-to-book (P/B). But with healthy fundamentals, attractive relative valuations and a consistent history of dividends, Australian REIT shares are still worth considering.

Name Ticker Price (AUD) Mkt Cap (USD) PE Ratio Analyst
Recommendation
Consensus
Target Price (AUD)
Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield URW 9.14 16.5b 50% Buy
50% Hold
11.59
Vicinity Centres VCX 2.16 5.3b 23.06 10% Buy
60% Hold
2.44
Scentre Group SCG 3.46 19.49b 15.53 30% Buy
30% Hold
3.82

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

For investors looking for diversity, they may look at Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) in the following table – all listed in ASX market. For VAN-AU PROP ETF (VAP), it has an Asset Under Management (AUM) size of 1.84 Billion and expense ratio of 0.23. The 3 stocks in the above table are among the top 9 holdings of VAP ETF.

Ticker Short Name Price 1 Yr Total return (%) Total Return Yth (%) Asset under management (AUD Billion) EXPENSE RATIO TRACKING ERROR NAV TRACKING ERROR
VAP VAN-AU PROP ETF 98.28 18.94 -0.94 1.84 0.23 3.28 1.38
SLF SPDR S&P/ASX 200 15.33 19.09 -1.08 0.73 0.4 7.99 1.74
DJRE SPDR DJ GL RL ES 25.82 18.20 -0.51 0.4 0.5 5.11 0.10
MVA VANECK VECTORS A 27.36 22.14 -1.19 0.28 0.35 3.01 0.03
RENT AMP CAP GL PR SE 3.32 25.55 1.36 0.028 0.99 9.95 6.61

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

Hong Kong: Hang Seng Index (14th position)

Hong Kong has seen a tumultuous year due to an 11 month protest, stimulated by the introduction of the Fugitive Offenders amendment bill. It has resulted in a violent anti-government demonstrations between protestors and the police. The protests also led to steep declines in tourism and retail sales, leading to the fall in GDP and the technical recession. Above all, Hong Kong’s year-on-year Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is declining and in Q3 of 2019, it entered into a technical recession of -2.9% GDP.

The stock market however has managed to recover thanks to the withdrawal of the amendment bill and trade deals between the US and China. Hong Kong is still seen as the top market for new listings with e-commerce giant Alibaba’s listing launched at 176 HKD per share, propelling it to become the world’s largest listing in 2019. HSI closed at the end of 2019 at 28189.75 points, with a positive return of 4.43% despite being it a tough year.

As one of the Four Asian Tigers and an international financial hub, Hong Kong still plays a big role in the stability and growth of the Asian financial markets. Despite a bleak start to 2020, we believe that Hong Kong will continue to be relevant in the global economy, maintaining its role as a financial leader in Asia and as China’s bridge to the World.

 

Name Ticker Price (HKD) Mkt Cap (USD) P/E Ratio Analyst
Recommendation
Consensus
Target Price (HKD)
Alibaba 9988 200.20 76.48b 62.81 94.4% Buy
5.6%   Hold
255.46
Tencent 700 385.60 503.25b 43.11 86.2% Buy
13.8%   Hold
431.80
Bank of China 3988 3.08 142.65b 4.78 81.5% Buy
18.5% Hold
4.10
HSBC Holdings 0005 53.05 151.33 10.81 28.6% Buy
31.3% Hold
58.59

(Source: Bloomberg)
Info accurate as of 28/2/2020

Moving forward, investors have to keep a look out for the various on-going market moving events worldwide, especially the COVID-19 global epidemic that is currently affecting more than 29 countries. Clearly, we can see how the virus has affected the global economy since the virus swept across the globe in the first two months of 2020. There are no clear indications of its peak but no end appears to be in sight. However, historical data has shown that the global financial markets had in fact recovered after past few epidemics. As for now, we believe that the economies will recover, in hope for a reenactment the global markets had in 2019.

 

 

 

Reference:

[1] https://tradingeconomics.com/taiwan/manufacturing-pmi

[2] https://www.cnbc.com/2019/12/26/hong-kong-protests-impact-on-economy-stock-market-in-five-charts.html

[3] https://www.statista.com/statistics/727585/gross-domestic-product-gdp-growth-rate-in-taiwan/

[4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Taiwan and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purchasing_power_parity

[5] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-17/chinese-airlines-begin-reporting-impact-from-coronavirus

[6] https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=11&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwibxsGHrIfmAhWz6nMBHWNFBWEQFjAKegQIARAC&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.imf.org%2F~%2Fmedia%2FFiles%2FPublications%2FWEO%2F2019%2FOctober%2FEnglish%2Ftext.ashx&usg=AOvVaw29erncpOY1K9wbWsmfod0Y

[7] https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/china/what-can-we-expect-in-china-in-2020

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