Demat account 

Demat account 

Moving from physical certificates to electronic recordkeeping is dematerialisation (demat). Some trading institutions require demat accounts because they are the most accurate type of record keeping. Dematerialisation was intended to boost the speed and security of financial transactions, and bookkeeping for financial institutions is now an accepted practice. Investors can benefit from demat accounts in several ways, including improved transaction security, faster trade processing, and less administrative burden. 

What is a demat account? 

An account designed to house equities in a dematerialised form is known as a demat account or a dematerialised account. Dematerialisation is the process of transferring physical shares to an electronic format. A demat account is used for all electronic trade settlements. A demat account records all debit and credit transactions on your investments, just like a bank account lists your transactions in a passbook.  

 Demat accounts are zero-balance accounts. Therefore you don’t need any shares to open one. Applicants do not need to be shareholders to open a demat account. Certificates for financial assets like shares, bonds, government securities, mutual funds, etc., can be kept in demat accounts. 

Understanding a demat account 

A demat account keeps securities like stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, making buying, selling, and managing investments simpler, quicker, and more convenient. You can monitor and track your portfolio online with a demat account, and you won’t have to be concerned about losing or ruining hardcopy certificates. Since the electronic process is quicker than the conventional trading technique with physical certificates, demat accounts benefit investors who wish to take advantage of possibilities to buy and sell rapidly. 

 The operation of a demat account is similar to that of a savings account. You can order using your online trading account once it is open. You must keep in mind to link your trading and demat accounts. The exchange processes the order that is placed. Your account is credited with the acquired shares after the availability of the claims has been confirmed. You must include a delivery instruction letter and stock information to sell shares. The stakes are taken from your demat account, and you can sell them further by having your trading account credited with an equal amount.  

Types of demat account 

Two types of demat accounts are available in the USA: individual demat accounts and joint demat accounts. 

  • Individual demat account 

It is a type of account that a single person can open. This account is ideal for individuals who want to invest in the stock market and manage their investments. In this type of account, the investor is the sole owner and can handle the account at their convenience. The investor can buy and sell securities, stocks, and other financial instruments using this account. 

  • The joint demat account  

It is another type of account that two or more individuals can open. This account is ideal for family members, partners, or friends who want to invest in the stock market together. All account holders have equal rights and responsibilities in this type of account. They can manage the account jointly and take investment decisions together. 

  • Corporate demat account 

Apart from these two types of demat accounts, there is also a corporate demat account. This type of account is specifically designed for companies and organisations that want to hold shares and securities in a digital format. This account allows companies to manage their investments more efficiently and in a more organised manner. The corporate demat account can be opened by any registered company or organisation. 

How to get Demat Account 

The following is the process of getting a demat account: 

  • First, choose the location where the demat account is to be opened. Next, decide which DP you want to open the demat account. Numerous financial institutions and brokerages provide this service.  
  • Complete the account opening form, attach copies of all required documentation, and provide a passport-size photo.  
  • Original documents should be on hand for verification.  
  • A copy of the terms and conditions agreement is given to you. Read it through.  
  • A representative of DP will get in touch with you and confirm the information you provided.  
  • Upon successful processing, you will receive a client ID and a demat account number, which you may use to access the account online. 
  • You must pay some account opening fees, such as the monthly transaction cost and the annual maintenance fee. The cost varies from one depository participant to another. A percentage of the overall transaction value is what some DPs charge, while others charge a flat price for each transaction. The conversion of shares from physical to electronic or vice versa is another service that DPs charge for.  
  • The minimal quantity of securities required to keep your account open is unrestricted.  

Benefits of demat account 

There are numerous benefits for investors who use a demat account to purchase mutual funds. One key advantage is that it is a simpler and safer way to store assets than the former system, which relied on physical certificates. Paper certificates are prone to theft, loss, and damage. To trick investors, criminals can make fictitious certificates. 

 Investors benefit from automatic and quick updating of their accounts using electronic bookkeeping. Mutual funds can speed up trade processing, eliminate excess paperwork, and lessen errors brought on by human error. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Demat accounts are designed to transform share certificates from a physical to an electronic format, increasing account holders’ accessibility. 

Your demat account is linked to your trading account. Your bank account is subsequently connected to this. To begin trading, you must transfer money from your bank account to your trading account. You can use your trading account to order shares once you have added funds.  

 Claims are transferred to your account after the T+2 days following your purchase’s completion. “T” stands for the day your order was processed. Trading and demat funds are integrated, so these procedures go swiftly and smoothly. You can also sell a share directly by putting a sell order to the stock market through your trading account.    

You can have a demat account whether you’re an adult or a minor. If you are under 18, your parents or a designated guardian may open and manage your demat account upon completing the required paperwork. 


By eliminating the inconveniences of physically managing and maintaining paper shares and accompanying documentation, a demat account streamlines the process of owning investments, including shares, bonds, government securities, mutual funds, insurance, and ETFs. 

Physical securities, such as share certificates and other papers, can be converted electronically and stored in a demat account through dematerialisation. 

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