Equity Trading

Equity Trading

Equity trading provides individuals and institutions the opportunity to participate in the ownership and potential profitability of those companies. They can be listed in an exchange or over-the-counter.  By understanding the workings of equity trading, its types, and examples, investors can make informed decisions to optimise their investment returns. Whether it’s day trading, swing trading, or long-term position trading, the dynamic nature of equity trading offers numerous possibilities for financial growth 

What is equity trading? 

Equity trading is a dynamic and essential component of the financial markets that involves buying and selling shares of publicly traded companies. It allows investors and traders to participate in the ownership and potential profitability of these companies. By engaging in equity trading, individuals can take advantage of market fluctuations to generate returns on their investments. Equity trading provides a gateway for individuals and institutions to participate in the stock market, leveraging market opportunities to achieve their financial objectives. 

Understanding equity trading 

Equity trading operates through various platforms, including stock exchanges and electronic trading platforms, where investors can trade stocks. The value of stocks is influenced by factors such as company performance, economic conditions, industry trends, and market sentiment. Investors carefully analyse these factors to make informed decisions and maximise their investment returns. Equity trading facilitates the transfer of ownership from one party to another, typically in exchange for monetary compensation. 

Individuals can engage in various trading strategies, such as day trading, swing trading, position trading, and algorithmic trading. Each strategy has its own approach and time horizon, allowing investors to adapt their trading style to their preferences and goals. 

Working of equity trading 

Equity trading relies on the principle of supply and demand. When an investor wishes to purchase a specific stock, he places a bid indicating the price he is willing to pay. Conversely, when an investor intends to sell a stock, he sets an asking price. If the bid and ask prices align, a transaction occurs, and ownership of the stock is transferred. 

To facilitate equity trading, brokers act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers. These brokers offer access to the stock market and provide a range of trading tools, research, and analysis to assist investors in making informed decisions. Through their platforms, investors can monitor stock performance, analyse market trends, and execute trades efficiently. 


Types of equity trading 

  1. Day trading: Day traders execute trades within a single trading day, aiming to profit from short-term price fluctuations. They take advantage of intraday price movements and typically close all positions before the market closes.
  2.  Swing trading: Swing traders hold positions for a few days or for several weeks, capitalising on medium-term price trends. They aim to capture larger price movements and may use technical analysis to identify potential entry and exit points.
  3. Algorithmic trading: Algorithmic trading employs computer algorithms to automatically execute trades based on predefined criteria. It leverages speed, accuracy, and the ability to process vast amounts of data to make rapid trading decisions.
  4. High-frequency trading: Traders use advanced technology and algorithms to execute a large number of trades within milliseconds, profiting from small price differentials. 

Examples of equity trading 

Companies such as Apple Inc., Microsoft Corporation, and Alphabet Inc. (the parent company of Google) are renowned technology giants that have captivated the attention of investors worldwide. These companies offer shares on both the Singapore Exchange (SGX) and various US stock exchanges. Investors keen on equity trading can buy and sell these shares, aiming to benefit from their growth prospects and capitalise on the ever-evolving technological landscape. 

For instance, an investor in Singapore might purchase shares of Alphabet Inc. on the SGX. By analysing the company’s financial performance, industry trends, and market sentiment, the investor can make an informed decision to buy the shares at a specific price. If the company experiences positive growth, the investor can sell the shares at a higher price, realising a profit. 

Frequently Asked Questions

In the United States, any individual over the age of 18 or legal entity, such as a corporation, is generally eligible for equity trading. Similarly, in Singapore, anyone above 18 years old can participate in equity trading. It is advisable to consult with a financial advisor or broker to understand specific eligibility requirements and comply with relevant regulations. 

Equity trading plays a vital role in the economy by providing a platform for companies to raise capital for growth and expansion. It enables individuals to invest in businesses and potentially benefit from their success. Equity trading also promotes liquidity in the market, allowing investors to buy and sell stocks efficiently. 

Equity trading and stock trading are often used interchangeably, as both involve buying and selling shares of publicly traded companies. However, equity trading encompasses a broader scope, including various types of securities, such as preferred stock, exchange-traded funds, and other instruments. Stock trading refers specifically to buying and selling common stock. 


Cash equity refers to the purchase or sale of stocks using cash instead of margin or borrowed funds. In cash equity trading, investors use their own funds to execute trades, making full payment for the shares at the time of purchase. 

The terms “equity market” and “stock market” are often used interchangeably. Both refer to the marketplace where stocks and other equity securities are bought and sold. The equity market encompasses a broader range of securities, including common and preferred stock, while the stock market typically refers to the trading of common stock specifically. 

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