Margin Requirement

Margin Requirement

The word “margin requirement” is probably not foreign to you if you’re an experienced trader. While the vast majority of traders use their own money, others take out loans specifically to trade. Margin trading is the practice of buying financial assets with borrowed money. Borrowed money is used to purchase stocks, which serve as security for the loan. The goal of taking out a loan to purchase stocks is to increase the amount of cash available for investment, which should lead to larger earnings. 

Under margin trading, an investor can buy more securities, sell them short, etc., by using the assets already in their portfolio as collateral. Setting up a margin trading account has several advantages, but investors should think carefully about it first. 

What is Margin Requirement? 

The current value of the collateral being loaned is less than the amount of the loan itself, and this difference is known as the margin requirement. In times of low demand or deflation, the central bank can encourage commercial banks to lend more money by lowering their margins. This boosts the money supply and helps close the deflationary gap. 

Understanding Margin Requirement 

The quantity of equity an investor possesses in their brokerage account is called margin. What we mean when we say “to buy on margin” is to acquire shares using borrowed funds from a broker. You’ll need a margin account instead of a regular brokerage account to do this. An investor can buy more securities using a margin account than they could with their existing account balance since the broker loans them the money. 

When you buy stocks on margin, you are essentially taking out a loan against the cash or assets you currently have in your account. Interest payments are due every month for the collateralised loan. Due to the investor’s use of borrowed funds would amplify the impact of both gains and losses. When the expected rate of return on the investment is more than the interest paid on the loan, margin investing might be a good choice. 

To illustrate, let’s say your margin requirement is 60% for your margin account. If you wish to buy $10,000 worth of stocks, you’d need to put $6,000 down as a margin and borrow the remaining $5,000 from your broker. 

Working of Margin Requirement 

To buy stocks on margin, one must borrow funds from a broker. Consider it a loan from your brokerage, if you will. With margin trading, you may purchase more shares of stock than you would otherwise be able to. 

An account that allows you to trade on margin is necessary. In a traditional bank account, you would trade with the funds available in the account. You can buy assets using a margin account loan and use the money you deposit as collateral. With this, you may borrow as much as half of an investment’s price. That means you may purchase assets worth up to $10,000 with a $5,000 deposit. 

The broker will take a cut of the interest you pay back on the loan you take out. You will be able to retain the remaining funds after paying off your loan with the sale of your stocks. 

Regulated by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), margin trading is subject to stringent requirements on minimum deposits, maximum borrowing amounts, and minimum account balances. 

Benefits of Margin Requirement 

The following are a few advantages of margin trading: 

  • Margins allow investors to profit from short-term price changes even if they don’t have enough cash on hand. 
  • Securities other than futures can be leveraged. 
  • Margin trading allows investors to increase their profits on investment. 
  • With this feature, investors may use the assets in their demat accounts or investment portfolios as security. 

Example of Margin Requirement 

For example, suppose you want to open a margin account and put $10,000 in it. You now have the purchasing power of $20,000, thanks to your 50% down payment. Then, you’ll have $15,000 to spend on stocks (at $5,000 a share). You have not used your margin and have sufficient cash on hand to pay for this transaction. If you want to invest in assets worth more than $10,000, you’ll have to start taking out loans. 

A margin account’s purchasing power fluctuates daily in response to price movements in the marginal assets held therein. 


Any trading activity must have a margin requirement. This guarantees that traders will have the financial means to repay their brokers. On the other hand, they may use leverage to their advantage and make the most of any profitable agreements. Just keep in mind that leverage might increase your potential gains as well as your losses. 

The magnitude of the margin required could vary among countries and exchanges. Find out what the platform’s rules are before you start making trades. In any other case, your money might be lost, or your account could be frozen. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Margin trading is when a trader puts more money on the line than they can afford to earn a higher return potentially. The opportunity to buy equities at a price that is just below their intrinsic worth is available to investors here. Investors can buy stocks through these trading activities because brokers lend them the money. Investors might settle the margin when they rebalance their stock market positions. 

The margin trading capability is integrated into the current trading account and associated Demat account, rather than being a separate account. Customers of the MTF service can pledge their stock or cash as collateral for the margin amount. 

When it comes to the financial markets, margin trading is a powerful instrument that magnifies wins and losses. There are dangers involved, such as interest expenses, regulatory limits, and the possibility of increased losses, but there are also prospects for increased earnings. 

When you trade on margin, you borrow money from a brokerage so you may trade with more capital. Margin trading requires investors to put up cash as security for a loan and then make interest payments on top of that. 

A margin call is a request from a broker for an investor to contribute more funds or securities to their account to meet the minimum equity value required by the maintenance requirement. 


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