Financial management

Financial management

Any successful business or person’s financial plan must include sound financial management. It involves managing and maximising financial resources to accomplish the organisation’s goals and objectives. Financial management is essential to the decision-making process and aids in the financial decision-making of both businesses and individuals. Financial management is more crucial than ever in today’s complex financial world, and success depends on a solid understanding of its fundamentals. 

What is financial management? 

Planning, organising, directing, and controlling financial activities within an organisation is called financial management. All financial resources must be managed, including financial planning, budgeting, investing, and financing choices. By ensuring that the financial resources at hand are used effectively and efficiently to accomplish the organisation’s goals, financial management seeks to maximise an organisation’s value. It entails analysing financial data, creating financial reports, and offering financial advice to assist organisations in making financial decisions.  

Understanding financial management 

Financial management aims to best use an organisation’s financial resources by allocating money wisely and strategically to accomplish objectives. A financial plan that outlines an organisation’s financial goals and the plans to achieve them serves as the starting point for the financial management process. This plan includes a budget that lists anticipated receipts and expenditures and projections of future cash flows.  

 Financial managers will monitor the plan and make adjustments as necessary to ensure that the organisation’s financial resources are utilised as efficiently as possible. Financial management includes: 

  • Overseeing the organisation’s financial resources. 
  • Evaluating and controlling financial risks. 
  • Using financial data analysis to make educated decisions. 
  • Ensuring that legal and reporting requirements are followed. 

No matter the size or sector, any organisation must have a solid grasp of financial management to succeed. 

Types of financial management 

The types of financial management are:  

  • Personal financial management 

Managing personal finances includes setting up a budget, saving money, making investments, and making retirement plans. It aims to accomplish individual financial objectives and enhance financial well-being. 

  • Corporate financial management 

To maximise shareholder value, a company must manage its financial resources through corporate financial management. Financial risk management, budgeting, fundraising, investment analysis, and budget planning are all included. 

  • Public financial management 

Managing the financial resources of governmental organisations like the federal, state, and local governments is known as public financial management. It aims to achieve fiscal stability, accountability, and efficient resource allocation. Budgeting, accounting, revenue collection, and financial reporting are all parts of public financial management. 

  • Non-profit financial management 

This includes managing grants, fundraising, and the financial operations of non-profit organisations. 

  • International financial management 

This includes managing currency risk, making foreign investment decisions, and financing and investing in global operations. 

Financial management

Importance of financial management 

Financial management is important for any organisation due to the following reasons: 

  • Effective financial planning is facilitated by financial management for both individuals and organisations. They can use it to set objectives and plan for achieving them. 
  • Financial management helps allocate resources effectively. It assists in determining the areas where resources can be used more efficiently and the places where cost-saving measures can be put into place. 
  • Another aspect of financial management is assessing and controlling the risks connected to investments and financial decisions. It aids in spotting potential risks and implementing preventive measures. 
  • An organisation’s financial performance can be assessed to pinpoint areas that need improvement. 
  • Individuals and organisations can achieve financial stability with the aid of financial management. It aids in keeping income and expenses in check and builds a financial safety net for unforeseen costs or emergencies. 

Benefits of financial management 

The benefits of financial management include: 

  • Individuals and organisations can make wise decisions that improve their financial outcomes by managing their financial resources well. 
  • By ensuring that financial resources are utilised effectively and efficiently, financial management can assist businesses in increasing profits and decreasing costs. 
  • Individuals and businesses can manage cash flow more effectively through effective financial management, guaranteeing enough money to pay debts. 
  • Financial risks, such as debt and bankruptcy, can be reduced by people and organisations managing their financial resources well. 
  • By laying a strong financial foundation and accumulating wealth over time, good financial management can assist both individuals and businesses in achieving financial security. 

Frequently Asked Questions

The primary functions of financial management include financial planning, budgeting, investment decision-making, financing decision-making, risk management, and financial reporting. These functions are essential for ensuring an organisation’s financial health and stability.  

 Financial planning includes setting financial goals and developing strategies to achieve them, while budgeting involves allocating resources to achieve those goals. Investment decision-making involves evaluating investment opportunities and deciding which investments to pursue while financing decision-making involves deciding how to fund investments. Risk management involves identifying and managing financial risks, while financial reporting involves communicating financial information to stakeholders. 

The scope of financial management includes financial planning, analysis, control, and decision-making in various areas, such as investments, capital budgeting, working capital management, risk management, and financial reporting. 

Financial management functions include financial planning, budgeting, controlling and monitoring financial resources, managing financial risks, and making investment decisions to maximise shareholder value. 


Strategic financial management involves long-term financial planning and goal-setting. Tactical financial management involves short-term decision-making to achieve those goals, such as budgeting, cash flow, and investment management. 

 While increasing the company’s income is a tactical and strategic financial management goal, their individual goals are more distinct. More conceptual planning, such as creating the company’s goals, visions, and values, is included in strategic financial management. Following that, it is applied by the management to direct the business’s activities. More attention is paid to how the business may accomplish its objectives in tactical financial management. This covers the specific duties and activities a business can carry out to accomplish its objectives. 

An example of financial management is a company’s CFO analysing financial statements and making strategic decisions about investing cash, managing debt, and financing operations to ensure financial stability and growth. 


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