Personal financial ratios

Personal financial ratios

Although it can be an uphill battle, managing our personal finances is a crucial component of our life. Personal financial ratios serve as efficient tools that enable people to understand the state of their finances better. They provide individuals with an easy checklist to adhere to in order to make smart financial decisions, safeguard their future, and reach their financial objectives. 

What are personal financial ratios? 

Personal financial ratios are quantitative measurements for evaluating a person’s financial situation and assisting them in making financially wise decisions. These ratios provide information on a person’s wealth in general, as well as their ability to manage debt and save money. These ratios assist people in assessing their financial security, setting objectives, and making necessary modifications to guarantee a safe and profitable financial future. 

Understanding personal financial ratios 

Personal financial ratios assist you in analysing how your income, spending, debt, and savings relate to one another and other aspects of your financial life. Regularly assessing these ratios will allow you to assess your financial stability and make necessary modifications to reach your financial objectives. 

It’s important to comprehend what the ratios signify once you’ve calculated them: 

  • Healthy ratios 

A DTI ratio of less than 36% is generally regarded as healthy. A net worth that is positive and has a savings ratio of at least 20% is optimal. 

  • Emergency fund ratio 

Aim for an emergency fund ratio of 100% or more, which would mean you could pay for many months’ worth of costs without receiving any income. 

  • Liquidity ratio 

A ratio that is higher than one indicates you have adequate liquid assets to satisfy your immediate obligations without taking on more debt. 

  • Investment ratio 

To protect your retirement and long-term financial goals, strive for an investment ratio of at least 15% or higher. 

Working of personal financial ratios 

Personal finance ratios contrast important financial information to give an overview of one’s financial status. Here is how they work: 

  • Debt-to-income ratio 

It calculates the portion of your income that is used to pay off debt. Since a lower DTI suggests greater discretionary income, it is an indication of improved financial health. 

  • Net worth 

It is calculated by deducting all of your liabilities from all of your assets. It illustrates your total financial situation. The objective is to have a positive net worth, which shows that your assets outweigh your obligations. 

  • Investment ratio 

This ratio indicates the proportion of your money you put toward long-term objectives like retirement. Your financial future is more secure when your investment ratio is larger. 

  • Emergency fund ratio 

It evaluates how adequate your emergency funds are. It is usually advised to have three to six months’ worth of living costs in savings. 

Importance of personal financial ratios 

Personal financial ratios are essential tools that help individuals make well-informed decisions about their financial well-being and offer insightful information about their financial health. These ratios provide a comprehensive picture of a person’s financial state, enabling them to evaluate their present circumstances, set financial objectives, and create plans to reach those goals. Some of the key significance of these ratios include: 

  • Budgeting and expense control 

The expense-to-income ratio and debt-to-income ratio are two ratios that assist people in keeping track of their expenditures and making sure they are living within their budgets. By doing so, you can avoid going into debt that you can’t afford. 

  • Emergency planning 

Personal financial ratios can show how prepared a person is to deal with unforeseen expenditures. A safety net amid emergencies can be provided by a high liquidity ratio (such as savings or an emergency fund). 

  • Planning for savings and investments 

Individuals can allocate funds for investing and saving thanks to ratios like the savings ratio and the investment-to-income ratio, which helps them accumulate wealth over time and reach long-term financial objectives. 

  • Management of debt 

For controlling and lowering debt, ratios like the debt-to-income and debt-to-asset ratios are important. They serve as a reference when deciding how much debt is appropriate and when it’s time to settle current loans. 

  • Creditworthiness 

Lenders frequently use personal financial ratios to evaluate creditworthiness. Improved borrowing conditions and interest rates may result from maintaining healthy ratios. 

Examples of personal financial ratios 

We can take the debt-to-income ratio as one example of a personal financial ratio. By comparing an individual’s overall debt with their total income, this ratio is applied to assessing his financial situation.  

For example, if a person makes US$50,000 per year and has US$10,000 in debt, his debt-to-income ratio is 20%. Lenders can assess a person’s capacity to handle extra debt or credit using this information responsibly. A greater ratio might indicate financial challenges and lead to loan denials or higher interest rates. In contrast, a smaller ratio signals improved financial stability and indicates that the individual may be a more attractive candidate for loans or mortgages. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Financial ratio analysis is classified into four types: 

  • Liquidity ratios 

These measure a company’s capacity to satisfy immediate obligations and thereby assess its short-term financial sustainability. 

  • Profitability ratios 

These assess a company’s capacity to create profits in relation to its assets, revenue, or equity. 

  • Solvency ratios 

These measure a company’s long-term financial health and ability to fulfil its debt obligations. 

  • Efficiency ratios 

These analyse how well a company uses its assets and runs its operations in order to create sales and profits. 


  • Key ratios consist of: 
  • Debt-to-Income ratio 

It evaluates the percentage of debt to income and aids in determining borrowing capability.  

  • Savings rate ratio 

It represents the percentage of income saved, which aids in the development of an emergency fund and long-term investments.   

  • Investment asset allocation ratio 

For risk management and diversification, the investment asset allocation ratio distributes assets among various asset classes.  

  • The debt repayment ratio 

It also keeps track of the debt reduction process.  


Every company should monitor the following five financial ratios:  

  • Liquidity ratios 
  • Profitability ratio 
  • Efficiency ratios 
  • Market value ratios 
  • Leverage ratios 

A good personal liquidity ratio is usually 20-30 %. The ability to meet short-term financial obligations with readily accessible cash or assets is measured by this ratio. Higher percentages indicate greater financial stability since it suggests a larger proportion of one’s assets may be quickly turned into cash to pay for emergencies, bills, or unforeseen obligations. The appropriate ratio, however, may change based on the situation.  

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