Fixed annuity

Fixed annuity

Fixed annuities can supplement retirement income from other sources now that the heyday of corporate pensions is over. Basic fixed annuities are agreements between a person and a provider that ensure the principal invested, a minimum interest rate, and predetermined payouts for the annuitant’s life. Fixed annuities are a suitable investment to earn a guaranteed return on retirement funds that you may need while being safe and tax-advantaged. 

What is a fixed annuity? 

A fixed annuity is a financial product that offers a retirement income stream and guarantees a certain rate of return. Using a set interest rate, you can predict how much your annuity will grow and how much income it will produce. Some people feel more secure about the stability of their retirement plans thanks to this consistency. 

A fixed annuity is a popular way to ensure a retirement income. Its main advantage is that it guarantees a fixed income. Some fixed annuities may give you money for the rest of your life, while others may only be for a certain period. 

How a fixed annuity works 

A fixed annuity is a specific kind of contract that offers a guaranteed return on investments you make in a lump amount or over a predetermined length of time. The accumulation phase of a fixed annuity is when you make contributions, and the distribution phase is when you take withdrawals. Insurance firms, banks, broker-dealers, and other providers of financial services all sell fixed annuity contracts.  

You can receive a lump sum or guaranteed payments for a predetermined number of years with a fixed annuity. Notice that the contract’s provisions limit the duration of the guaranteed payments. You can get payments for specific years or the remainder of your life, depending on your policy. 

Benefits of a fixed annuity 

The benefits of a fixed annuity are as follows:  

  • Flexible fixed-rate annuities are available with competitive interest rates. With various fixed-rate annuity plans, you can “lock in” a guaranteed interest rate for a predetermined amount of time, usually 3 to 10 years. The term “multi-year guarantee annuities” is frequently used to describe them. 
  • A fixed-rate annuity assures a guaranteed death benefit that passes to your designated beneficiary without incurring the fees and wait times of probate and is supported by the insurer’s capacity to pay claims. 
  • Fixed-rate annuities can be the answer if you’re worried about outliving your funds. You can arrange to receive a consistent flow of regular payments for the remainder of your life or your spouse’s life. 
  • Tax relief is possible with a fixed-rate annuity. You won’t pay taxes on your interest earnings as long as they grow and compound inside the annuity contract, which is one of the main advantages of fixed-rate annuities. The payment of taxes on your interest profits is postponed until your chosen withdrawal. 

Types of fixed annuities 

Fixed annuities can be divided into the following types: 

  • Traditional fixed annuity 

Guarantee fixed annuities, another name for traditional fixed annuities, build up money based on a fixed interest rate decided upon at the start of your contract. The beginning rate is based on current interest rates for fixed-income investments.  

Your contract rate can be comparable to or higher than the rates on CDs or government bonds. After a predetermined amount of time, such as two years, insurance companies may raise the interest rate on your standard fixed annuity contract.  

  • Fixed index annuity 

A fixed index annuity is correlated with an underlying index’s performance. Unless you take money out or cancel the contract, you won’t lose any money you invest in a fixed index annuity. Fixed index annuities limit potential market highs.  

As a result, compared to investing directly in the stock market, you won’t profit as much during good years. Return caps, participation rates, and other mechanisms in fixed index annuities manage your gains and losses. 

  • Multi-year guaranteed annuity 

Many similarities exist between traditional fixed and multi-year guaranteed annuities, or MYGA. The duration of the guaranteed rate is the only significant difference. The interest rate for an MYGA is guaranteed for the duration of the contract.  

The insurance provider has little prospect of changing how quickly your money grows. In that the rate is fixed and cannot vary for any reason, an MYGA is akin to a fixed-rate mortgage. 

Frequently Asked Questions

The yield that the life insurance company derives from its investment portfolio, which is generally composed of high-quality corporate and government bonds, determines the rates on fixed annuities. 


In a fixed annuity, the payout to the investor and the rate of return (the interest rate) is guaranteed by the insurance company. 


People interested in superior protection, lifetime income, and low-risk, fixed annuities could opt for this. 


A fixed annuity necessitates keeping your money invested for a predetermined amount of time, often two to ten years, as opposed to a conventional savings account, which allows you to retrieve your money whenever you like. One advantage is that your investment will maintain its worth even if the market declines because it offers primary protection.  

But, they have a smaller potential for growth than riskier investments like equities. If this worries you, consider a fixed index annuity because they provide greater growth potential while safeguarding your principal; for investors searching for security and a guaranteed income in retirement, fixed annuities can be a smart option. 


In general, fixed annuities and CDs have similar features, such as a guaranteed rate of return and a guarantee on the principal. Fixed annuities and CDs have relatively low rates of return and high levels of safety compared to assets like stock funds. 


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